A spinal cord injury (SCI) can be defined as damage to any part of the spinal cord or nerve injury at the end of the spinal canal which causes permanent changes in strength, capacity and other body functions below the site of the injury. Thus, resulting in a loss of function, such as mobility and/or feeling. However, frequent causes of spinal cord injuries are (car accident, gunshot, falls, etc.) or disease (polio, spina bifida, Friedreich’s ataxia, etc.). These kinds of injuries are different from back injuries, such as ruptured disks, spinal stenosis or pinched nerves. At the same time, the spinal cord does not have to be severed for a loss of function to occur.
If spinal cord has to be defined, then it’s a major bundle of nerves that carries nerve impulses to and from the brain to the rest of the body. The central nervous system is what comprises the spinal cord and the brain. Whereas, motor and sensory nerves outside the central nervous system constitute the peripheral nervous system. However, there is another diffuse system of nerves which is responsible for controlling involuntary functions, such as blood pressure and temperature regulation being called as the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.
Types of spinal cord injuries
1. Complete spinal cord injury
2. Incomplete spinal cord injury
Complete spinal cord injury
A complete injury is when there is no sensation or any voluntary movements at the same time both sides of the body is affected. Ultimately, there is no function below the level of the injury.
Incomplete spinal cord injury
As the name suggests there is some function or movement below the primary level of injury. So, the person is able to move one limb more than another, may be able to feel parts of the body that cannot be moved. However, with the advances in the acute treatment of spinal cord injuries, incomplete injuries are becoming more common.
Majorly, the spinal cord injuries are majorly classified into two types, but there are two additional types related to the condition of paralysis.
Also known as quadriplegia, in which the patient’s arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are all affected by your spinal cord injury.
This type of paralysis affects all or parts of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs.
When to see a doctor?
3 facts about spinal cord injury that you should be aware of;
1. If you are experiencing significant trauma to your head or neck needs an immediate medical the possibility of a spinal injury.
2. Numbness or paralysis may occur immediately or come on gradually as bleeding or swelling occurs in or around the spinal cord.
3. The time between injury and treatment can be critical in determining the extent and severity of complications and the possible extent of expected recovery.
If any of the symptoms you are experiencing in your day to day life then you must be having spinal cord in Delhi, which should be properly treated.
Effects of a spinal cord injury
Knowing about the level of injury to the spinal cord is helpful in predicting what parts of the body might be affected by paralysis and loss of function. These injuries are even classified according to their different levels;
1. Cervical (neck) injuries usually result in quadriplegia.
2. Injuries above the C-4 level may require a ventilator for the person to breathe.
3. C-5 injuries often result in shoulder and biceps control, but no control at the wrist or hand.
4. C-6 injuries generally yield wrist control, but no hand function.
5. Individuals with C-7 and T-1 injuries can straighten their still may have dexterity problems with the hand and fingers.
6. At T-1 to T-8, there is most often control of the hands, but poor trunk control resulting from a lack of abdominal muscle control.
7. Lower thoracic injuries (T-9 to T-12) allow good trunk control and good abdominal muscle control. Sitting balance is very good.
What after treating spinal cord injury?
After treating spinal cord injury, the affected area is usually swelled up resulting in virtual changes in every system in the body. After some time the swelling begins to go down, and people may regain some functioning. With the incomplete spinal cord injury, the individual may recover some function as late as 18 months after the injury. However, in rare cases, people regain some functioning years after the injury.
So, if your symptoms match with the above symptoms then you should immediately go for spine surgery in Delhi but only under the guidance of spine specialist. At the same time, it is also imperative that the treatment you are opting should be from the best hospital like IBS Hospital.