Epilepsy is a neurological disorder in which the nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed causing seizures, unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of awareness. The person is not in control of bodily activities and it can result in physical injuries including occasionally broken bones.
Seizures happen suddenly without any warning and stop in a short span. Some people have more than one type of seizures. Not all of them involve shaking of the body. Some of them can be vacant too. It can also happen to people when they are awake and known as awake seizures. A nocturnal seizure is the name given when it happens to the person who is in sleep.
Blood Tests – a sample of your blood is taken to check for infections or genetic conditions that may be associated with seizures.
Electroencephalogram – it is the most common test done to diagnose epilepsy. Electrodes are attached to your scalp with a paste-like substance and record the electrical activity of the brain.
CT scan and MRI – CT scan reveals the abnormalities in the brain that are causing seizures such as tumors, bleeding, and cysts. MRI uses powerful magnets and radio waves to detect lesions and abnormalities that can cause seizures.
Pet scan – It uses a small amount of low dose radioactive material that is injected into a vein to help visualize active areas of the brain and detect abnormalities.
Ketogenic Diet – This type of diet is recommended for people suffering from epilepsy. It is high in fat and low in carbohydrate. It is specially given to children when medication hasn’t helped their seizures.
Vagus Nerve Stimulation – in this technique, the doctor will put a vagus nerve stimulator under the skin of the chest which sends small bursts of electricity through the nerve to your brain but you still have to take medication.
Surgery – in respective surgery, the surgeon will remove the part of the brain that causes the seizures. It is most often done when the part of the brain causing the seizures is very small. In disconnective surgery, instead of removing part of the brain, the surgeon will cut the paths between the nerves in your brain that are involved in the seizures.