Dental filing is a treatment to restore function and appearance of the missing tooth that is damaged by decay. In this procedure, the doctor removes the decayed tooth material completely, cleans the affected area and fills the empty area with a special filling material. Fillings are also used to repair cracked or broken teeth and teeth that have been worn down from misuse. They help in restoring teeth back to their normal function and prevents further decay. There are several different dental filling materials available in the market like gold, porcelain, silver amalgam, tooth colored, plastic etc.
A root canal is a treatment of the tooth that is inflamed, infected or dead. It is considered as the last step of an endodontic treatment. They have to fully extend to the apex of each root. You can get back efficient chewing, normal biting and sensation and restores the natural appearance. It also protects other teeth from excessive wear or strain. It is an extremely effective and relatively painless treatment and can be completed in or two appointments depending on the condition of the tooth. This procedure lets you keep your tooth rather than pulling it out.
In dental fillings, the dentist will use local anesthesia to numb the area around the tooth to be filled. An air abrasion instrument is used to remove the decayed area. Once the decay has been removed the filling space will be filled by tooth colored materials which is applied in layers. After the completion of multi-layering procedure, the dentist will shape the composite material to the desired result and trim off any excess material etc.
In root canal too, local anesthesia is administered. After the tooth is numb, the endodontist places a small protective sheet called a dental dam over the area to isolate the tooth and keep it free of saliva. Very small instruments are used to clean the pulp from the pulp chamber and to shape the space for filling. Then, the root canal is filled with a biocompatible material with an adhesive cement to ensure complete sealing of the root canals.