Laparoscopic gastric banding is the least invasive surgery to deal with weight loss. It is used to treat severe obesity. It is recommended for patients who have tried other weight loss methods without long-term success. You will be advised laparoscopic gastric banding if you have a Body Mass Index of over 40. It may also be advised to you if you have BMI between 35 and 40 with health conditions such as sleep apnea, high blood pressure, heart disease or type 2 diabetes.
In this procedure, you will be given general anesthesia so that no pain is felt by you. Small incisions are made in your abdomen and the surgeon will place a camera and the instruments needed to perform the surgery. A band will be placed around the upper part of the stomach to separate it from the lower part. This creates a small pouch that has a narrow opening that goes into the larger, lower part of the stomach.
There is no need of any cutting or stapling inside the belly and takes only 30 to 60 minutes. You will feel full after eating just a small quantity of food.
This day will include admission in the hospital along with the collection of the medical reports for further study.
The surgery will be prepared accordingly. You will sign surgery and anesthesia consent forms. Surgery will be performed.
You will be kept overnight and will only be on the liquid diet which will be very small in quantity. You will then be discharged.
You need to follow up to know when to go from liquid diet to pureed food to soft food and then to regular food. Medications will be given to you for additional nutrients such as B12 or iron. Blood tests will be done to make sure you don’t have low blood iron, high blood glucose or low calcium and vitamin D levels.