Stroke is a medical condition in which the brain does not receive enough oxygen and nutrients which cause brain cells to die. It occurs due to blockage or clot formation in blood vessel of the brain. Clot may be due to development of fatty deposits in the linings of blood vessels or ruptured blood vessels. It should immediately be treated or can be fatal.
Diagnosis of stroke - Physical examination, CT scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI),Echocardiogram. Treatment of stroke - Ischemic stroke, Hemorrhagic stroke.
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Stroke is a medical condition in which the brain does not receive enough oxygen and nutrients which cause brain cells to die. It occurs due to blockage or clot formation in blood vessel of the brain. Clot may be due to development of fatty...
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder in which the nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed causing seizures, unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of awareness. The person is not in control of bodily activities and it can result...
A headache is an onset of pain which arises in the area of the head and the neck. It is a common occurrence and can happen to anybody but the real problem occurs when this headache is in the form of a Migraine. It is a specific type of a...
Neuromuscular disorders are a type of disorders which affects the functioning of our muscles. These muscles are in your control such as in your arms or legs. Neurons send the messages that control these muscles. When neuron becomes unhealthy,...
Dementia is a general term which is used for a group of diseases in which there is a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere in our daily life functioning. It is a combination of conditions that lead to decline in the cognitive...
Sleep disorders refer to changes in sleeping patterns or habits that negatively affect our health. It also hinders the ability to sleep well on a regular basis. Sleeping problems may occur due to stress, hectic schedules, and other lifestyle...
Parkinson’s is a neurodegenerative disorder which that affects the movement of the body. In this condition, there is progressive deterioration of motor function. It happens due to loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. The onset of...
Alzheimer’s Disease Management is an irreversible and progressive disorder of the brain that destroys memory and thinking skills and gradually the ability to carry out the simplest of tasks. At initial stages, people with Alzheimer’s...
Ataxia is a degenerative disease of the nervous system consisting of lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements. It describes lack of muscle control such as walking or picking up objects. It can affect various movements such as speech...
Trigeminal Neuralgia or facial pain is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal nerve which carries sensation from the face to the brain. It is caused by inflammation of one of the three parts of the fifth cranial nerve. If you...
Neurological infections comprise of a large variety of conditions that invade and affect our nervous system. Virus and microorganisms invade our body which affects the working of our organs and leads to mild disturbances or even serious complicated...
Traumatic Brain Injury Management (TBI) is a brain dysfunction caused by an external force. It usually results from a violent blow or jolt to the head. Any object which has the tendency to penetrate brain tissue such as a bullet or shattered...
Pediatric neurology is the branch of medicine which deals with prevention, diagnosis, management, and treatment of neurological conditions of newborns, infants, children, and adolescents. Full range of neurological diseases is encompassed...
Course In Hospital
Diagnosis of a stroke
Brain stroke is diagnosed by the following tests –
1. Physical examination – it is done by checking your blood pressure and listening to your heartbeat. Ophthalmoscope may also be used to check for the signs of tiny cholesterol or clots in the blood vessels at the back of your eyes.
2. CT scan – a series of X-rays are used to give a detailed image of your brain. It is used to detect a hemorrhage and stroke.
3. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – an MRI uses powerful radio waves and magnets to create a detailed view of your brain. It detects brain tissue damage done by ischemic stroke and hemorrhages.
4. Echocardiogram – it uses sound waves to find a source of clots in the heart that may have traveled from your heart to your brain.
Treatment of stroke
It is first treated with the help of medications. They must start within 4.5 hours if they are given into the vein. Intravenous injection of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) – it is the gold treatment of for ischemic stroke. It is given through the vein in the arm. It restores blood flow by dissolving the blood clot.
To decrease the occurrence of another ischemic stroke, your doctor may suggest carotid endarterectomy. In this procedure, plaques from the arteries are removed. Angioplasty along with stents is used to navigate the carotid arteries in your neck.
Medication in the form of anti platelet drugs such as Plavix is given to prevent blood clots. If the area of the bleeding is large, then surgery is performed to remove the blood and relieve the pressure on your brain. Some of the methods to perform surgical blood vessel repair are surgical clipping, coiling, surgical AVM removal, stereotactic radiosurgery etc.
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