An operating theater is a special room in a hospital in which surgical operations are carried out under specifically created environment. It generally accommodates one patient at a time. The surgical procedure is carried out under the direct supervision of a medical specialist for the prevention, diagnosis or cure of different diseases and conditions.
Much consideration is given to the design of the operating room to make sure the safe performance of surgical operations. There should be a minimum risk of infections otherwise there can be increased chance of failure. These rooms are spacious with sound lighting and cleanliness should not be an issue. There are viewing screen present in the room to see the correct progress of the procedure. The temperature of the room is controlled with no windows.
It is laced with state of the art equipment and the doctors, as well as nurses performing the procedures, should be highly experienced. Some of the common surgical specialties performed in an operating room are: