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Vertebroplasty & Kyphoplasty​

What is Vertebroplasty & Kyphoplasty​ ?

Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are both minimally invasive surgical procedures for treating osteoporotic fractures where a cement-like material is injected directly into the fractured bone. This stabilizes the fracture and provides immediate pain relief in many cases.



Kyphoplasty includes an additional step. Prior to injecting the cement-like material, a special balloon is inserted and gently inflated inside the fractured vertebrae. The goal of this step is to restore height to the bone thus reducing deformity of the spine. Most patients return to their normal daily activities after either procedure. Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive surgery used to treat a spinal compression fracture. The goals of kyphoplasty are to reduce pain from the fracture, stabilize the vertebra, and restore the vertebra back to its normal height.

In the procedure, the patient lies face down on the operating table. The surgeon makes a small, half-inch incision over the affected area. Using X-ray guidance, the surgeon inserts a narrow tube through the pedicle into one side of the fractured vertebra. In balloon kyphoplasty, a balloon tamp is then inserted through the tube and into the fractured vertebra. Once inside the vertebra, the balloon tamp is inflated to create an open cavity inside the bone and to restore height to the collapsed vertebra. The surgeon then deflates and removes the balloon tamp from the vertebra, leaving the new bone cavity behind. A pasty compound called PMMA, a type of bone cement is injected into the cavity until it is full. The cement hardens quickly, creating an internal cast inside of the fractured vertebra.

The surgeon then closes the incision. The patient stays on the operating table while the cement hardens, which usually takes about 5 minutes. Most patients can go home the same day as the procedure.

 

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Course In Hospital

After the physical assessment, you shall be medically investigated on OPD basis for your spinal problem. Once investigations and medical assessment are completed your surgery shall be planned. You will be advised to get admitted on the day of surgery.

Day 1

After the physical assessment, you shall be medically investigated for your spinal problem. Once investigations and medical assessment are completed your surgery shall be planned.

You would be encouraged to ask any questions you may have regarding surgery, hospital stay or recovery and activities after surgery.

Surgery is usually recommended when all reasonable conservative measures (pain medications, nerve sheath injections, physical therapies, braces etc.) have failed.

Day 2

Discharge process is undertaken. You will be explained about the discharge medication, exercises to be done at home and follow up. You will be discharged in stable condition.

Follow up

You shall be advised for a follow-up visit after a week for stitch removal. Any further, follow up would be planned if in case you need any medical attention.

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