Discover dedicated ALS care at IBS Hospital. Our team provides comprehensive support, offering comfort to patients and families. Rely on us for personalized solutions and a holistic approach to address ALS challenges with expertise and empathy.
What is Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)?
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), commonly referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakening. It impacts motor
neuron function, leading to challenges in breathing, speech, walking, swallowing, and more.
The muscles of a person suffering from the condition tend to waste away, eventually resulting
in respiratory failure.
More than 200,000 people worldwide have ALS
Global incidence is approximately 6 per 100,000 individuals
Most commonly diagnosed in individuals aged 40 to 70
What are the various types of ALS?
ALS is broadly classified into two different types: Sporadic ALS: A type of ALS with no known underlying causes and accounts for the majority of
the cases. Familial ALS: An uncommon type of ALS that tends to run in families, i.e. it runs through
Established risk factors for ALS include:
Heredity. Five to 10 percent of the people with ALS inherited it (familial ALS). In most people with familial ALS, their children have a 50-50 chance of developing the disease.
Age. ALS risk increases with age, and is most common between the ages of 40 and the mid-60s.
Sex. Before the age of 65, slightly more men than women develop ALS. This sex difference disappears after age 70.
Genetics. Some studies examining the entire human genome found many similarities in the genetic variations of people with familial ALS and some people with noninherited ALS. These genetic variations might make people more susceptible to ALS.
Environmental factors, such as the following, might trigger ALS.
Smoking. Smoking is the only likely environmental risk factor for ALS. The risk seems to be greatest for women, particularly after menopause.
Environmental toxin exposure. Some evidence suggests that exposure to lead or other substances in the workplace or at home might be linked to ALS. Much study has been done, but no single agent or chemical has been consistently associated with ALS.
Recognising the Symptoms of ALS
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) typically initiates with limb numbness, which worsens
gradually over days or weeks. Subsequently, weakness may manifest in other limbs. As the
condition advances, additional symptoms may arise, such as:
Twitching/cramping of muscles in the upper and lower limbs
Loss of motor control and impaired limb function
Frequent tripping due to loss of balance
Breathing/swallowing difficulties and paralysis in the advanced stages of ALS
What causes ALS?
While the exact cause remains elusive, researchers have identified certain contributing factors. In certain cases, genetic abnormalities have been associated with ALS, indicating a hereditary component. However, for many individuals, the connection between ALS and environmental factors remains unknown. This intricate interplay of genetic and environmental factors underscores the ongoing research to unravel the underlying mechanisms of ALS.
Diagnosis of ALS
There isn’t a single specific test that can confirm ALS, and doctors typically use a combination
of tests to diagnose ALS. These include:
Electromyography (EMG) to assess the electrical activity of muscle fibres
Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) to evaluate the electrical conductivity of the nerves and muscles
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) for generating detailed images of the structures within the brain.
Biopsy to rule out the possibility of any malignancy
Management / Treatment of ALS at IBS Hospital
Though a comprehensive ALS cure is yet to be achieved, the focus at IBS Hospital is to effectively manage symptoms. Our personalized approach includes medication and therapeutic interventions tailored to each patient’s specific needs. Our dedicated team of specialists provide compassionate care and support to individuals living with ALS. We strive to improve the quality of life and address each patient’s unique challenges.
If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of ALS, please contact us for a consultation and personalized care plan. Together, we will navigate this journey and ensure the best possible outcomes for you and your family.
Patient Stories From Diagnosis to Recovery
We feel a sense of pride to share the inspiring and uplifting accounts of individuals who have overcome medical challenges with courage, strength, and resilience. These amazing people offer hope to others who may be facing similar health issues.
IBS Hospital’s patient stories highlight the incredible spirit and determination of our patients who refuse to give-up and the unwavering support of their families and caregivers.
Meet the team of highly specialised and experienced neurosurgeons, neurologists, orthopedicians, and other experts in the field of neurology and spine care. Our team is dedicated to providing personalised and compassionate care to each patient, with the goal of helping them achieve the best possible outcomes.
Here’s what we use, to give you the best care, from across the globe:
Personalised Brain Mapping
QUICKTOME is the World’s first and the most advanced digital brain mapping software that incorporates brain connection data
Intra-Operative Nerve Monitoring
Nerve Monitoring technique allows the doctors to simultaneously assess motor nerve function during a surgery to alleviate the risks of nerve damage.
Navigation Guided Surgery
Endoscopic Brain Surgeries
Advanced Critical Care
Endoscopic Spine Surgeries
Sacral Neuromodulation Surgery
Deep Brain Stimulation
Alzheimer's Disease: Recognizing Early Warning Signs
Alzheimer's disease is a debilitating and degenerative brain illness that affects millions of lives across the globe. It eventually robs people of their quality of life by progressively weakening their independence, memory, and cognitive capacities.