At IBS Hospital, we provide specialized care for individuals with brain vascular malformations (BVM). Our multidisciplinary team combines medical expertise with genuine compassion, tailoring treatments to address each patient’s unique needs. Through advanced therapies and unwavering support, we strive to enhance the well-being and quality of life for those affected by BVM.
What are Brain Vascular Malformations?
Brain Vascular Malformations result from the abnormal development of blood vessels within the brain, usually present since birth. This condition can disrupt the normal blood flow through veins and arteries, leading to functional abnormalities. Brain vascular malformations can also involve capillaries and lymphatics. In some cases, malformations may be diagnosed soon after birth, while in others, detection may occur much later.
What are the common types of Brain Vascular Malformations?
- Arteriovenous Malformation: The most common malformation characterized by abnormal fistulas between arteries and veins.
- Cavernoma: Also called cavernous angiomas, these are clusters of abnormal blood vessels developing in the brain or spinal cord.
- Dural Arteriovenous Fistula (DAVF): Marked by an abnormal connection between blood vessels within the brain’s outer layer (dura).
- Moyamoya Disease: A progressive condition involving artery obstructions within the basal ganglia.
Recognising the Symptoms of Brain Vascular Malformation
Patients with brain vascular malformations experience varied symptoms based on location, including:
- Unusual headaches
- Weakness or numbness
- Vision loss
- Speaking difficulties
What causes Brain Vascular Malformation
The exact cause of brain vascular malformations is unknown. They can be present since birth or develop later. Inherited tendencies may contribute, along with risk factors like excessive smoking and uncontrolled hypertension.
Diagnosis of Brain Vascular Malformation
Common diagnostic methods for brain vascular malformations include:
- Computed Tomography Angiogram (CAT scan) for assessing blood vessels
- Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) using magnetic fields and radio waves to examine blood vessels
- Cerebral Angiogram, a gold standard diagnostic intervention for detecting malformations
Management / Treatment of Brain Vascular Malformations at IBS Hospital
At IBS Hospital, we provide comprehensive treatment options for brain vascular malformations. Our dedicated team of specialists offers advanced interventions tailored to each patient’s needs. Our treatment modalities include:
- Microvascular Neurosurgery: A minimally invasive technique using computer navigation for precise malformation removal, reducing eruption risks.
- Endovascular Embolization and Coiling: Preferred for AVMs and aneurysms, involving the implantation of metal coils to reduce blood flow.
- Radiosurgery: Non-invasive stereotactic radiation therapy used for treating AVMs, not recommended for cavernomas and aneurysms