Explore specialized multiple sclerosis care at IBS Hospital. Our team blends medical expertise with compassionate support, tailoring treatment plans for improved quality of life. Through advanced therapies and empathetic guidance, we’re with you every step, ensuring holistic management of multiple sclerosis.
What is Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially debilitating demyelinating disorder, where a person’s immune system attacks and damages the myelin, the insulating cover of neurons. This disrupts the transmission of signals between the brain and the body. Affecting over 2.8 million people worldwide, MS is progressive and commonly occurs in individuals aged 20 to 40 years.
What are the different types of Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple Sclerosis is categorized into four types:
- Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS): The initial episode signifying the onset of multiple sclerosis.
- Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS): The most prevalent type characterized by periodic flare-ups or relapses.
- Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS):
- Manifests with a gradual progression of symptoms without occasional flare-ups.
- Secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS): Frequently observed in individuals with RRMS, it involves a gradual worsening of symptoms with occasional flare-ups.
Recognising the Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
The symptoms of multiple sclerosis vary from one patient to another and tend to aggravate as the condition progresses. Common symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis include:
- Sensory Symptoms:
- Numbness in the limbs, especially on one side of the body
- Tingling sensation in the limbs
- Motor Symptoms:
- Changes in gait
- Impaired balance/coordination
- Muscle spasms and weakness
- Visual Symptoms:
- Problems with vision
- Other Symptoms:
- Shock-like sensation during certain neck movements
- Impaired bladder and bowel function
- Cognitive abnormalities
What causes Multiple Sclerosis?
The exact cause of multiple sclerosis is not known, but certain factors have been linked to an increased risk of the disease. These factors include:
- Infection with specific viruses or bacteria
- Low levels of vitamin D
- Pre-existing immune system disorders
- Family history of multiple sclerosis
- Obesity, particularly in females
- Excessive smoking
- Genetic predisposition with faulty genes
Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis
Several medical conditions can present symptoms similar to those of multiple sclerosis, thereby complicating the diagnosis process. When a physician suspects multiple sclerosis in a patient, common diagnostic procedures that may be recommended include:
- Blood tests to assess the biomarkers linked with multiple sclerosis
- Lumbar puncture to analyse the cerebrospinal fluid for any abnormalities
- Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI to detect lesions
- Evoked potential tests to assess the response of the nervous system to external stimuli
Management / Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis at IBS Hospital
At IBS Hospital, we provide exemplary care for multiple sclerosis patients with world-class modalities that manage symptoms and slow disease progression. Our comprehensive treatment plans, backed by research, ensure optimal outcomes. We deliver cutting-edge treatments and personalized care, empowering patients to improve their quality of life. Our multidisciplinary team collaborates to ensure the best possible results with compassionate support throughout the journey.
Our treatment approach encompasses the following key modalities:
- Disease-Modifying Therapies (DMTs): Our team employs FDA-approved drugs for long-term management, aiming to slow down disease progression, prevent new lesions, and reduce flare-ups
- Physical Rehabilitation: We offer specially designed rehabilitation programs that target improving gait, balance, and coordination. This rehabilitation focuses on enhancing muscle strength and helps patients adapt to changes associated with the disease
- Relapse Management Medication: In cases of severe flare-ups, we administer corticosteroids as part of our relapse management strategy
- Deep Brain Stimulation: For patients experiencing severe tremors related to multiple sclerosis and not responding to conventional treatments, DBS is recommended as an invasive therapeutic option