Discover specialized care for Moyamoya Disease at IBS Hospital. Our dedicated team combines medical expertise with compassionate support, offering personalized treatment plans to address your unique needs. From innovative therapies to comprehensive guidance, we are committed to enhancing your well-being and providing hope on your journey to healing.
What is Moyamoya Disease?
Moyamoya disease is a progressive cerebrovascular disorder characterized by arterial obstructions within the basal ganglia. This rare condition is triggered by the obstruction of the carotid artery, a major supplier of oxygenated blood to the brain. The resulting disruption in blood flow prompts the development of tiny blood vessels at the brain’s base. Moyamoya disease increases the risk of transient ischemic attack (TIA) and may lead to brain bleeding. While this condition predominantly affects children, it has also been associated with specific genetic factors.
Recognising the Symptoms of Moyamoya Disease
Moyamoya disease symptoms typically manifest in children aged 5 to 10 years and adults aged 30 to 50 years. Early symptom diagnosis facilitates better condition management. Manifestations vary based on factors such as age. Common Moyamoya disease symptoms encompass:
- Severe headaches
- Facial and limb weakness
- Impaired vision and speech
- Involuntary movements
- Delayed cognitive function
What causes Moyamoya Disease?
The precise cause of Moyamoya disease is often unknown. However, potential factors include:
- Down syndrome
- Sickle cell anaemia
- Neurofibromatosis type 1
- Female gender
- Family history of Moyamoya disease
Diagnosis of Moyamoya Disease
Diagnostic methods for Moyamoya disease include:
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Computerized Tomography (CT) scan
- Cerebral angiogram
- Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan
- Electroencephalogram (EEG)
- Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound
Management / Treatment of Moyamoya Disease at IBS Hospital
At IBS Hospital, our comprehensive treatment strategies for Moyamoya disease comprise:
- Medications: Our medical interventions encompass the use of blood thinners, calcium channel blockers, and anti-seizure medicines. These medications are tailored to effectively manage the diverse symptoms associated with Moyamoya disease, ensuring optimal patient comfort and well-being.
- Surgical Interventions: IBS Hospital offers advanced surgical solutions to address Moyamoya disease. These include direct and indirect vascularization procedures. Direct vascularization involves surgically connecting the scalp artery to the brain artery, primarily applicable to adult patients. On the other hand, our skilled medical team employs indirect vascularization for pediatric cases, entailing the placement of blood-rich tissue onto the brain’s surface. These surgical interventions aim to restore healthy blood flow, alleviate symptoms, and enhance patients’ quality of life.