Straightening the Path: All about Scoliosis Treatment
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18, January 2024

Straightening the Path: All about Scoliosis Treatment

Want to know all about scoliosis treatments that can help change your life? Read this blog to know more about the condition and various interventions that are available for its management. Marked by an abnormal change in the spine’s curvature, resulting in an unnatural sideways bend, scoliosis is a condition that is primarily seen in children, lying in the age group of 10 to 15 years. Although our spines are not naturally straight, the best spine specialists in Delhi suggest that in the case of people suffering from scoliosis, the curve is distinguished, uneven and prominent, with the curvature measuring up to 10 degrees or even more. If left untreated, the condition can progress, leading to severe problems like back pain and lumbar radiculopathy, or even complications like cardiac/pulmonary restriction. Fortunately, there are various treatment options available that can help to straighten the spine and slow down further progression. 

What Causes Scoliosis?

Surprisingly, the underlying cause of scoliosis is not known in nearly 80 per cent of the cases. This is commonly referred to as idiopathic scoliosis. This usually manifests throughout puberty and may be inherited. Other types of scoliosis may be caused by any of the following factors, listed by the best spine specialists in Delhi:

  • Underlying neuromuscular conditions like muscular dystrophy
  • Developmental abnormalities in the spine, which may be seen at the time of birth itself.
  • A major surgical intervention performed on a baby’s chest wall
  • Traumatic injuries or blows to the spine
  • Severe infection that spreads to or involves the spine

Recognizing the Symptoms

Scoliosis typically progresses gradually and manifests differently among individuals. Common symptoms include:

  • Uneven shoulders
  • An asymmetrical waist with one side higher or more prominent
  • Uneven hips
  • A noticeable side-to-side spinal curve
  • Occasional back pain or discomfort

In severe instances, scoliosis may impair lung function, leading to breathing difficulties. It is important to consult a specialist to get the symptoms assessed. Once the diagnosis is made, scoliosis treatment can be planned to suit the specific needs of the individuals. 

Diagnosing Scoliosis

Scoliosis diagnosis starts with a simple physical examination, that includes looking for signs of scoliosis and assessing the severity of the curvature. Doctors may also order X-rays or other imaging tests to get a clear picture of the spine's alignment. All these are important as they help doctors curate personalized treatment approaches for every patient, ensuring better outcomes. 

Scoliosis treatment:

The treatment approach for scoliosis depends on several factors, including the patient's age, the severity of the curvature, and the underlying cause. Here are some common scoliosis treatments recommended by experts worldwide:

  1. Observation: In cases of mild scoliosis, especially in children and adolescents who are still growing, doctors may recommend regular monitoring to track the progression of the curvature.
  2. Bracing: For moderate scoliosis, bracing may be recommended to prevent the curve from getting worse. Braces are typically worn for a specified number of hours each day and are most effective when a person is still growing.
  3. Physical Therapy: Physical therapy can be helpful in managing scoliosis, as it focuses on improving flexibility, strength, and posture. These exercises can help reduce pain and improve the overall quality of life.
  4. Surgery: Severe cases of scoliosis, especially those that are rapidly progressing or causing significant health issues, may require surgical intervention. The most common surgical procedure for scoliosis is spinal fusion, in which the curved vertebrae are fused together to straighten the spine. This procedure is typically considered when other treatments have not been successful.

It's essential to remember that the goal of scoliosis treatment is not always to achieve a perfectly straight spine but to prevent the condition from worsening and to improve the patient's quality of life. Each treatment plan is tailored to the individual's unique circumstances. Living with scoliosis can be challenging, but with the right treatment and support, many individuals can lead normal, healthy lives. It's crucial to follow the recommendations of your doctors as they can provide valuable guidance for managing scoliosis effectively.

Dr Aaksha Shukla By -Dr Aaksha Shukla | January 18, 2024 | 9 Min Read

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